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Top 24 Most Well Researched Cancer Fighting Foods Graphic © healthpowerboost.com. Background photo: Pixabay (PD)
What we eat can drastically impact our health outcomes, including cancer risk. An anticancer diet is an important strategy to reduce your risk of developing the chronic disease. According to Dr. David Jockers, a doctor specializing in nutrition and natural health strategies, here are some foods that contain beneficial compounds linked to a lower risk of cancer:
1: Green Tea
Green tea contains antioxidants such as epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) and quercetin, which are associated with a number of health benefits—including anticancer activity.  Drink green tea daily and to preserve its healthy compounds, be careful not to steep it in boiling water (hot but not boiling is best).
According to a study in the International Journal of Molecular Science, phenolic compounds in blackberries may help protect the skin from UV damage, aging, and cancer.  Blackberry juice, anyone?
Similar to blackberries, raspberries contain anthocyanins (phenolic compounds) that are believed to induce apoptosis (programmed cell death) in abnormal cells—hence reducing the risk of cancer.  The fruit is also rich in quercetin, vitamins, and minerals that help promote healthy immune function.
Blueberries are yet another group of edible berries that offer chemopreventive and therapeutic benefits in cancer prevention and treatment.  They contain a combination of anthocyanins that may slow cancer growth, decrease inflammation, and inhibit DNA damage.
Some animal studies suggest that compounds in lemons, such as D-limonene and naringenin, may help prevent cancer development and even kill cancer cells.  Other observational studies show that people who eat citrus fruits frequently may have a lower risk of cancer. 
Onions are a culinary mainstay in most kitchens. In addition to their deep flavor, they might help protect you against cancer. According to a study published in Food Research International, “Onions activate pathways that encourage cancer cells to undergo cell death. They promote an unfavorable environment for cancer cells, and they disrupt communication between cancer cells, which inhibits growth.” 
Compounds in kale, such as chlorophyll, selenium, fiber, beta carotene, and vitamin C, are believed to offer cancer-fighting benefits.  Consume kale with a healthy source of fat for optimal absorption of nutrients.
8: Green Leafy Vegetables
In addition to kale, add an array of green leafy vegetables to your anticancer plate. This may include arugula, turnip greens, mustard greens, spinach, lettuce, and collards.
Research shows that curcumin in turmeric offers a number of anticancer benefits. The compound reduces the spread of cancer, helps kill cancerous cells, and reduces the growth of new blood vessels in tumors. 
Artichokes are rich in antioxidants such as quercetin, gallic acid, rutin, silymarin, and other healthful compounds that may offer anticancer activity.  The ‘vegetables’ can be boiled, grilled, steamed, roasted, or sautéed.
Garlic boasts of a long list of potential health benefits.  Compounds in garlic, such as allicin, flavonoids, allyl sulfides, and selenium, have been shown to offer anticancer activity. 
Tomatoes and other lycopene-containing foods have powerful antioxidant properties that may offer anticancer benefits. Studies suggest that a diet of whole tomato extract may protect against skin and stomach cancers. 
13: Olive Oil
Several studies show that olive oil may help reduce your cancer risk.  The cancer-fighting properties of olive oil may be linked to its rich content of antioxidants that help prevent oxidative stress and inflammation. 
14: Dark Chocolate
Flavonoids in chocolate have been linked to cancer-fighting properties.  The American Cancer Society notes that flavanols in cocoa beans, the main ingredient of dark chocolate, reduce cell damage and hence may reduce the risk of cancer development. 
Oregano is a rich source of antioxidants and a number of other compounds that may help prevent cancer, suppress its growth and even kill cancer cells. 
Ginger is a widely-studied superfood associated with tons of health benefits—including fighting cancer. Gingerol, the main bioactive compound in ginger, has been shown to protect against pancreatic, gastrointestinal, breast, and ovarian cancer. 
Cauliflower contains sulforaphane, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, and carotenoids, which have been shown to offer anticancer effects.  In particular, sulforaphane appears to inhibit enzymes involved in cancer growth, suppressing its development. 
18: Brussel Sprouts
Brussels sprouts are a rich source of important nutrients such as manganese, folate, and vitamins A, C, and K. The cruciferous vegetable also contains high levels of chlorophyll, a compound believed to help fight cancer. 
Avocados are nutrient-dense fruit with several potential health benefits. It contains carotenoids, folate, and phytonutrients that may protect against cancer.  There are near-endless ways to use avocados in the kitchen—from smoothies to salads.
20: Nuts And Seeds
Regularly eating nuts and seeds may be linked to a lower risk of developing certain types of cancer.  One study of men with prostate cancer showed that participants who consumed 30 grams of flaxseed daily experienced slower cancer growth. 
Sulforaphane in broccoli may have potent anticancer properties. In one study published in the journal Clinical Cancer Research, the plant compound reduced the number and size of breast cancer cells by as much as 75%. 
Like most foods on this list, mushrooms are rich in potent antioxidants such as choline and selenium, which are believed to help prevent certain types of cancer.  There are several edible mushrooms with different nutrient and culinary profiles for you to explore.
Ginseng is an extensively studied adaptogen traditionally used for its potential medicinal properties. Regarding its cancer-fighting properties, ginseng contains ginsenosides that may help provide antioxidant protection, reduce inflammation, and prevent abnormal cell growth—all hallmarks of cancer development. 
24: Broccoli and Kale Sprouts
We’ve covered the anticancer properties of cruciferous vegetables like kale and broccoli. But did you know that you could potentially get greater concentrations of the same health-promoting compounds by consuming their sprouts? 
Topic: Top 24 Most Well Researched Cancer Fighting Foods
Who? Dr. David Jockers
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